Exam | 3+2 | 6 credits
Ing. Ondřej Bartoš, Ph.D.
The lectures describes energy sources such as fossil fuels, biomass including refuse-derived biomass fuels, nuclear, solar radiation, wind, geothermal, and ocean, then provides the terminology and units used for each energy resource and their equivalence. The lectures also bring a comprehensive description of the direct energy conversion methods, including: Photovoltaics, Fuel Cells, Thermoelectric conversion, Thermionics and MHD. It includes a basic overview of the steam power cycle, gas turbines, internal combustion engines, hydraulic turbines, Stirling engines and combined-cycle power plants. It outlines the development, current use, and future of nuclear fission. Discussing methods for maximizing available energy. Energy Conversion surveys the latest advances in energy conversion from a wide variety of currently available energy sources. Summarizes ways to maximize the available energy from each source. Explores the role energy storage will play in an efficient and renewable energy future.
1. Introduction. Basics of energy transformations. What are the energy sources on the Earth. World energy consumption distribution.
2. World energy reserves of non-renewable sources. Distribution of fossil fuels around the planet. Current state in Czech and Europe.
3. Fossil fuels, ultimate analysis, stack loss, combustion.
4. Thermodynamic survey (1. and 2. law of TD, Efficiency of cycles,…) Carnot cycle.
5. Simple Rankine cycle (principal, advantages – effect of temperature, pressure, back pressure, regenerative feed water heating).
6. Turbines, Power plants contr. Heating plants. Supercritical steam cycles (parameters, materials). Energy cycles in Nuclear PP.
7. Basic energy cycles with internal combustion. Diesel, Otto, dual-mix,…
8. Simple Brayton cycle (principal, advantages – open, close, regeneration, pressure and temperature effect, reheating, inter-cooling, wet compression).
9. Combined cycles (parameters, HRSG, Q-T, repowering).
10. Organic Rankine cycles, Geothermal energy.
11. Reverse cycles.
12. Renewable sources, wind and water energy.
13. Solar energy and PV panels. Direct transformation.